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Light List Data:
The Barcelona light built in 1829, and sometimes called the Portland light located on Lake Erie, was unique because of its fuel source. The nearby town of Fredonia, New York was the first site in North America to commercially use Natural gas, starting in 1821. The Barcelona Lighthouse was located 18 miles west of Fredonia and for part of its life, it used a nearby ‘spring’ of Natural gas carried a distance of two miles in pipes to the tower to light its lamps. The Lighthouse Service was obliged to keep standard Sperm-Whale oil lamps in the tower as a backup light source, because water frequently collected in the gas pipes, over which the gas would not pass. While the pipes were removed and freed from water, the oil lamps had to be used. Unfortunately, the Natural gas gave out in 1838, and the gas lamps were removed.